Does gravity have a speed at which it acts upon another body? — CP, Billings, Montana
Yes, the speed of light. The gravitational interaction between two objects can be viewed as the exchange of particles called “gravitons,” just as the electromagnetic interaction between two objects can be viewed as the exchange of particles called “photons.” Gravitons and photons are both massless particles and therefore travel at a special speed: the “speed of light.” Since light is easier to work with than gravity, people discovered this special speed in the context of light first. If gravity had been easier to work with, they might have named it “the speed of gravity” instead. Sometime in the not too distant future, gravity-wave detectors such as the LIGO project will begin to observe gravity waves traveling through space from nearby cosmic events, particularly star collapses. These gravity waves will reach us at essentially the same time as light waves from those events since the gravity and light travel at the same speed.