Can the electric current be taken out of the metal where the charge will not carry?
While charges can move freely through a metal, allowing the metal to carry electric current, it’s much harder for charges to travel outside of a conductor. Charges can move through the air or through plastic or glass, but not very easily. It takes energy to pull the charges out of a metal and allow them to move through a non-metal. Most of the time, this energy requirement prevents charges from moving through insulators such as plastic, glass, air, and even empty space.